Welcome and Address from Maria Gabriel, Europan Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society
If Assisted Living Technology is the Answer, what is the Question?
During the last 15-20 years technology and digitization has increasingly been integrated in the Danish services within prevention, treatment, healthcare, care and (p) rehabilitation.
The aims and drivers behind this development are multiple as well as the consequences for healthcare and human interaction; some drivers are pointing towards mutual goals some are contradictory serving many different interests in the pursuit of the welfare state of tomorrow.
Developing, testing and implementing technology by living lab methodologies and -organizations has been the foundation for a lot of the projects and technologies in the Danish (and Scandinavian) welfare system.
This talk will present examples of technologies, methodologies, possibilities, and lessons learned as well as challenges that still remain to be solved. Technology and digitization offers promising possibilities yet there is still a lot to do and achieve.
'Personalised Home-based Tele-Rehabilitation'
by Dr. Helena Burger, Slovenia
- Disability level is estimated as 10% in most European countries and is increasing. Problems that arise from various disabilities can be successfully reduced or solved with comprehensive rehabilitation. Rehabilitation should begin immediately after the reduced capability or injuries occur and end with a successful return to the home environment. A lack of rehabilitation will, for most, reduce their eventual level of independence and quality of life.
Many patients do not receive adequate rehabilitation or their rehabilitation program does not start early enough. An appropriate and modern solution to these problems may be telerehabilitation, which enables rehabilitation services through modern information and communication technologies (ICT) at a patient’s home. It has to enable us tele-assessment, tele-therapy. Tele-assessment mean identifying the patient's problems in all domains of functioning (body functions, body structures, activity, participation, environmental factors, and personal factors), assessing their severity, agreeing upon realistic rehabilitation goals and check the results. Tele-therapy means choosing the methods that will be used to reach the goals.
'Detecting Emotional And Cognitive Changes Using Privacy Preserving, Spontaneous Interaction Data'
by Dr Saturnino Luz
- Features that can be extracted unobtrusively from spontaneous conversational speech or from user interaction with carefully designed systems have great potential as "digital biomarkers". These behavioural signals may be useful in the monitoring of changes in mood and emotional state that often indicate the onset of pathological states such as depression, and in the detection of cognitive decline. In this talk I will present some of the methods being developed for these purposes in the SAAM project, discuss potential applications of these methods in the context of coaching for healthy ageing and other interventions, and review measures for protecting user privacy in the acquisition and computational processing of speech and interaction data.
The ubiquity of mobile devices promises to address the need for continuous management of chronic conditions at lower costs. Its rapid expansion, particularly in public health, is currently largely consumer-driven and lacking in acceptable frameworks for its wider adoption into the healthcare systems. The aim of this panel is to identify the key parameters to consider in developing an ethical governance framework for Digital Health and Care.
The talk will discuss how persuasive technologies, which use computers, mobile and pervasive computing devices to influence human behaviour in a beneficial way can be used to promote healthier lifestyles, better adherence to therapy, and social connections for elderly people. Informed by research in social psychology and behavioural economics, as well as neuroscience, these technologies hold great promise in empowering seniors for independent and healthy living.
"Decision Support System for Ambient-Intelligent Coaching of the Elderly"
by Martin Žnidarsic, Slovenia
- One of the main challenges in ambient assisted living systems is suitable design of the modelling and reasoning components. These should be able to analyse large amounts of sensor data, represent domain knowledge in a formal way and provide automated reasoning capabilities. At the same time, it is beneficial if their operation is transparent and easy to understand. Some possibilities of tackling these conflicting demands will be discussed in the talk, followed by a presentation of a specific solution for knowledge modelling and reasoning in a system for multi-modal long-term monitoring and coaching for the elderly. The proposed approach has a modular pipeline design which allows decoupling of knowledge representation and reasoning components from those that deal with the input and output devices. The high level reasoning methodology originates from the field of multi-criteria decision modelling. It is mostly rule-based and qualitative, which makes it comprehensible and very suitable for use in the reasoning components that are close to human users. We will discuss also potential benefits and drawbacks of such solutions and of their alternatives.
"Evaluating AAL Technology an Sorroundings Services"
by Albert Luger
- The decision whether to implement an AAL solution should ideally be based on scientifically vali-dated evidence and proof of the effectiveness of AAL technologies. A variety of perspectives are relevant: There is the question of whether a solution will benefit the quality of life of older adults, but also questions of far-reaching social effects, potential benefits for the social and the health care system and economic profitability have to be considered. The complexity of implementation deci-sions contrasts with the fact that so far only a few AAL-specific instruments for proof of effective-ness exist. Moreover, evaluation results are hardly comparable since there is often no common un-derstanding of the constructs to be measured. This results in the need for a mutual understanding regarding striven impacts for implementation decisions as well as suitable measuring instruments. EvAALuation and EvAALuation² (funded by the Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT) within the Austrian Re-search Promotion Agency (FFG) programme "benefit") aimed to develop such AAL-specific instru-ments. This expert talk aims at providing an overview of important impact dimensions of AAL solu-tions relevant for implementation decisions. To enable evidence-based decisions, practices, chal-lenges, and lessons learned of impact measurements will be discussed.
Cases from current projects with focus on personalisation for home care and wellbeing will be described. What is their technology base, effectiveness and challenges in achieving, personalisation in coaching and a wide-spread adoption of ICT based coaching solutions for care and wellbeing of seniors?
CAPTAIN - Coach Assistant via Projected and Tangible Interface.
COUCH– project, in which personalization approach is based on the creation of an autonomous virtual council that can assist people in achieving their health goals, advancing the state of the art in embodied conversational agents and enabling fluent multi-party interaction between multiple coaches and the users.
vCare – project, focusing on the recovery support of an active and independent life at home for patients recovering from impairments/disabilities, which is realized by a Smart Virtual Coaching System, providing rehabilitation guidance and guaranteeing the continuity of care in the home environment and daily life
EMPATHIC- addresses the conception of the virtual agent from the perspective of coaching, where the wellness coaching advice is intended to promote healthy habits and behaviors of the user. Furthermore, the virtual coach is conceived to challenge each user to transform their personal goals and needs into actions.
Fit4AAL – a multicomponent personal coaching system ILSE, consisting of the functions “fit at home”, “fit outdoors”, and “fit through knowledge”.
What will the future of AAL hold? Starting with project SAAM, this short presentation looks at some of the most likely and useful innovations of the next ten years.